Chewing dysfunction, for example, due to not exactly matching surfaces of the molars is primarily a domain of maxillofacial surgery. Impairment of the temporomandibular joint and tensions of the masticatory muscles can also lead to pain in the entire head area. Part of the jaw muscles attaches to the temporal region and therefore disturbs the balance of the muscles in the head, face and neck area, this can also lead to painful tension in the occipital region or dull pain affecting the entire head.
In the context of other neurological and psychological disorders, increased muscle tension in the temporomandibular joint area can sometimes occur with the leasing symptom of teeth grinding. In collaboration of the subjects, the cause must be determined, the therapy which can range from mechanical measures such as a bite splint, to Botox, to psychotherapeutic treatment.